CAZRI

M.B.M. Engineering College

J.N.V. University

National Law University

Netraheen Vikas Sansthan

Rajasthan Oriental Research Institute

AFRI

SRSAC

 


CAZRI

Introduction

The arid zone of India covers about 12% of the country’s geographical area and occupies over 31.7 m ha of hot desert and about 7 m ha is under cold desert. The production and life support systems in the hot regions are constrained by low and erratic precipitation (100-420 mm/year), high evapotranspiration (1500-2000 mm/year), and poor soil physical and fertility conditions. The local inhabitants have evolved suitable landuse and management systems of farming, pastoralism and animal husbandry; of late, these local survival systems have become inadequate to fulfill the ever increasing needs. This has resulted in over-exploitation of the resources causing rapid and widespread land degradation and decline in productivity.

CAZRI Building
To arrest this degradation process and for scientific and sustainable management of the resources Desert Afforestation Station was established in 1952 at Jodhpur. This was later expanded into Desert Afforestation and Soil Conservation Station in 1957, and finally upgraded to Central Arid Zone Research Institute (CAZRI) in 1959 under Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi. The CAZRI operates through 8 Divisions, located at the headquarters in Jodhpur. There are four Regional Research Stations located in different agroclimatic zones to work on location-specific problems


ACHIEVEMENTS

Natural Resource Surveys

Integrated survey of natural resources including land forms, soils, flora, fauna, surface and ground water, present landuse and land degradation status have been undertaken using the concept of Major Land Resource Units (JLRUs). Burried courses of river in the desert were mapped using satellite imagery, confirmed through geophysical depth soundings and successfully used for ground water exploration.










Based on satellite imagery, maps of processes leading to desertification and common property resources (PCRs) have been developed.

Desertification

The extent of soil movement under different land use systems has been qualified. Soil movement due to barren surface and high wind velocity is a mojor problem. Technologies to minimize sand movement through establishment of shelter belt and technologies for dune stabilization have been developed.


Water Management

For efficient rainwater harvest through roof surfaces, constructed catchments and for storage technologies like Khadin, nadis, tankas, anicuts, have been refined and developed.





Since soils are sandy and water retention is poor, water is rapidly lost either as evaporation or deep drainage. For holistic management of water the concepts of watershed management for areas having single integrated drainage system and index catchment for areas lacking single drainage system have been developed.


Soil Management

The arid region is endowed with minerals that are being increasingly exploited and a trail of waste land is left. Technologies integrating suitable speciess, soil amendments





and water harvesting, for rehabilitation of gypsum and limestone mined lands have been developed.


Crop Production

Technologies for sustainable crop production under rainfed conditions have been developed. Improved varieties of pearl millet, clusterbean, moth bean and horsegram developed at the Institute have been released for large scale plantation. Paired and triplet planting as well as intercroppings consistently given higher yields during low rainfall years.

Interplot and in-plot rain water harvesting and adoption of soil moisture conservations measures have increased the crop yields.

Benefits of high soil fertility in ameliorating the adverse effects of moisture and salinity stress have been established and contributions of legumes in improving the soil fertility and contribution of BNF in improvement of yields of legumes have been quantified.
In the desert most of the urea applied is lost due to volatilization. A simple cost effective technology involving sulphur mixed urea that increases the efficiency of urea from 20-45% has been successfully developed.


Alternate Land Use Systems

Technologies for various land use systems like agroforestry, agrihorticulture, hortipastoral and silvipastoral systems have been developed. Adoption of ley farming involving cultivation of crops in rotation with grasses has improved the soil physico-chemical properties and crop yields. Management practices and productivity of range lands in different agroclimatic zones have been developed and their carrying capacity quantified.


Arid Horticulture

In the arid region there is plenty of scope for cultivation of fruit trees. Technique for propagation of ber through budding of improved varieties like Gola, Seb and Mundia on local root stock has made major impact in the arid and semi-arid regions.

A large number of varieties, like Jalore seedless of pomegrante, Dhara Road and Faizabadi local of bael, kanchan and Krishna of anola, have been identified that can be successfully raised even on marginal lands with certain conser-vation measures.
Due to technologies developed to raise improved varieties and better management practices the area under orchard is continuously on the rise. Techniques for extraction and processing of juice/pulp of fruits like ber, bael, pmegranate, aonla, etc., have been standardized.

Livestock Management

Livestock are an important source of sustenance of farmers particularly during low rainfall year when crop yields are too low to be of any economic significance. The time of first calving and the inter-calving period has been reduced through proper management in cattle. Marwari and Magra breeds of sheep have been identified to be suitable for the desert tracts as these breeds can sustain if watered twice a week without any adverse effects on body weight. Parbatsar, a new breed of goat has been identified. This breed has higher growth rate, milk yield and duration of lactation. A technique of ensiling surplus fodder, using over-fermented milk, urea and molases has been developed. Digestibility of high tannin containing feed has been improved by soaking the feed in 1% aqueous solution of sodium carbonate. A balance concentrate of mineral mixture has been developed that hastens the body weight gain, milk and wool yield in sheep and milk yield in cattle.

Renewable Energy Resources

In the arid regions there is plenty of solar energy available to meet the human energy needs both in urban and rural areas. Various types of solar cookers to cook food and feed, water heaters and distillation plants have been designed and developed. Dryers to dehydrate agriculture produce are getting popular as the produce retains its colour, flavour and the texture. Similarly wax melter and candle making machine is also getting popular. To make these devices versatile and multipurpose devices are being developed. Solar PV panel have been successfully used to supply power to run TV, light, fan, pesticide sprayer and to operate drip irrigation system.

Socio-economic Aspects

The socio-economic viability of the technologies developed were evaluated and surveys on the socio-economic aspects of the desert dwellers under taken. The cost benefit analysis of various land use systems revealed that pasture based live stock system have positive net present value and annuity as compared to arable farming. Thus farmers need to be encouraged to adopt the live stock based farming system.

Extension Activities

Side by side with its research efforts, CAZRI has been able, through its extension and training activities to reach a large number of farmers and concerned state government officials with information of on new desert development technologies.

 


M.B.M. Engineering College

Establishment of a College of Engineering was concieved before the formation of the State of Rajasthan and a sum was allocated for this purpose.After the formation of the State of Rajasthan this was made possible due to a handsome generous donation by Seth Ram Coowerji Bangur of Didwana, to perpetuate the memory of his late brother Seth Mugneeramji Bangur and thus the M.B.M.Engineering College was established in August 1951 by the Government of Rajasthan.This college has been considered as the pioneering Technical Institution of the State enjoying reputation of the International and National levels. This college became constituent faculty of Engineering in 1962 of the University of Jodhpur (now renamed as The Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur).

Initially a three year degree course in Civil Engineering was offered. Degree course in Mining Engineering commenced in 1957 and in Electrical and Mechanical Engineering from 1958. The college became a constituent Faculty of University of Jodhpur in 1962. In 1966 M.E. courses in Civil, Electrical, Mechanical and Mining Engineering commenced. Subsequently the course in Electronics and Communication was started in 1972, M.E. (Electronics & Communication Engineering), B.,E. (Production & Industrial Engineer), B.E. (Computer Science and Engineering) in 1990, M.C.A.& P.G. D.C.A programmes are being offered now. The first batch of the students studying in the P.&I Engineering and Computer Science & Engineering departments had been awarded B.E. degrees in the year 1994. The Faculty is likely to start B.Arch., B.E.(Chemical Engineering) and Postgraduate Diploma in Stone Technology soon.

T
he total strength of students in all the departments is over 1600. In addition to it Diploma passed students are also given admission to the II Year directly in various branches. Seven different departments are offering Bachelor’s degree (B.E.), Master’s degree (M.E./M.C.A.) programmes. In addition to these post graduate diploma programmes are being offered by some of the Departments.

R
esearch activities leading to Ph.D. Degree are available in all the departments. Many students have obtained Ph.D. Degree and many are currently pursuing their research. All the Departments have established facilities for research, testing and consultancy. Many other activities of interest to society in general and industries in particular are carried out in the Faculty.

J.N.V. University
(Formerly known as University of Jodhpur)

The Jai Narain Vyas University (formerly known as University of Jodhpur) was established in 1962 by the Jodhpur University Act, (Act XVII). The university took over the four colleges of Jodhpur run by the State Government: Jaswant College, Shri Maharaj Kumar College, Kamal Nehru, Girl college and Magni Raj Bangur Memorial Engineering College. The Jurisdiction the unv extends to the municipal limits of Jodhpur.

The University has :
5 faculties
42 teaching department
6 affiliated colleges Enrolment.
Library and Research Facilites
Departmental and faculty libraries. K N College and institute of Evening studies have their own library units.

Scholarships and Fellowships :
15 Scholarships to ME students
30 MCA scholarships
28 scholarships to research scholars, Jr Res fellowships.

Private Studies :

Persons serving/residing within the university who are Teachers, Physical Instructors, Inspecting Officers, Liberians or Library Clerks
Women and Physically Handicapped candidates are permitted to appear in three year's degree course and Master degree exams of the Faculties of Arts, Social Science and Commerce without attending a regular course of study.
Persons residing within the territorial jurisdiction of the university for 2 and half yrs are permitted to take the exams of this university as private candidates only in such of subjects no practical course prescribed.
Women candidates are also permitted to appear in the science subjects provided they procure a certificate from the Head of the Department concerned that they have completed practical.

Evening Studies :

There is an Institute of Evening Studies which provides instruction leading to bachelor’s degree to persons in full-time employment.

Health Services :

The univ has a dispensary for the benefit of the students and staff. There is full-time doctor compounder and a nurse.

Hostels :

15 hostels for students in the university including a separate hostel for girl students.

Sports :

Four Football grounds, three Hockey grounds, and Four Basketballs court 15 Volleyball courts. Three Cricket pitches, Badminton courts a Swimming Pool and a Cylinder Track.

Academic Year :

The academic year begins from July 18 and consists of three terms of eleven weeks each beginning on the first Monday in July, October, and January. The rules also provide for a summer term of the five weeks beginning in last week of April, Which enables students to make up their deficiency in attendance.

Admission :
Middle of July
Examinations Annul exams begin after the end of the third term (March/April)

Fees :
Tuition fee (payable per month) is according to income group but is in the range of 4.50 to 20 pm and Rs 100 to 200 pa depending on the course.
Girl students are exempted from tuition fee provided where the parents or guardian are not income tax payers.

Courses for Studies
Faculty of Arts and Social Science
BA, BA(Hons)
Eligibility 12yr Senior Higher Sec exam of Rajasthan Madhyanik Shiksha board, Ajmer or equilvalent Duration 3 year
Candidate who have secured 48% marks in aggregate (including languages) 50% in the subjectconcerned in Part I can offer Honours Cpurse in Part II in any one of the following Econ; Hindi;Sans;School

MA
Eligibility A graduate. Duration 2 yrs.
Shastri
Eligibility 12 yr Senior Secondary Duration 3 yrs.

Faculty of Commerce
BCom, BCom(Hons)
Eligibility 12 yr Senior Higher Sec Duration 3 year.
MCom
Eligibility Bachelor's degree with 50% aggregate marks. Duration 2 yrs.
MTA
Eligibility Bachelor's Degree/PG Dip in Tourism/ Hotel Managment with 50% marks

Faculty of Eduaction
BEd
Eligibility: A graduate in Arts/Sc /Comm/Agri. Admission through written test. Duration 1 year (Part time), and 2 year (Part time)
The Univ also offers 1 yr BEd (Spl) for Govt sponsored SC/ST Candidates and BEd (vocational ) Programme.
Eligibility: Graduation
MEd
Eligibility: BEd. Duration 1 year

Faculty of Engineering
BE
Eligibility : 12 yr Senior Higher Sec with Eng, Maths, Phy and Chem Duration 4 year
ME
Eligibility: BE degree with high second class. Teachers, research fellows, engineers employed in this Univ with a high Second class Bachelor's degree in engg may be admitted to the course as part-time students.

Faculty of Law
LLB
Eligibility Bachelor's degree in Arts Sc,Comm, Med, Soc Science. Duration 3 years with exam each year.
LLM
Eligibility LLB degree with 55% marks in aggregate or equivalent. Teachers of this university with 3 years service are also eligible.


Faculty of Science
BSc
Eligibility: Senior Higher Sec (Science). Duration 3 year
MSc
Eligibility: B.Sc.. Duration 2 year
MCA
Eligibility : Graduation. Duration 3 year

Doctorate Degree
The university awards degree of PhD in Faculities of Arts & social Science, Sc, Comm, Law and Engg. The Univ also awards the degree of DLitt and DSc.

Diploma and Certificates
a) 1-yr PG dips Computer Tech & Application Consumer Electron & TV teach after BSc.
Certifiacte library Sc 1-yr after Sr Sec Cert

National Law University

Profile
The National Law University, established by National Law University Jodhpur, Act, 1999 (Act No. 22 of 1999), passed by the State of Rajasthan, is the fifth National University for Legal Education in the country following the institutions at Bangalore, Hyderabad, Bhopal and Calcutta. A University in ideal conditions draws its human resources at the levels of both faculty and student community, from the entire world. National law universities, only answers intention to do the same from the entire country following the traditions of Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) in technology education, Indian Institutes of Management (IIM) in the management education and All India Institute of Medical Science (AIIMS) in medical education. However, unlike IIT, IIM, & AIIMS, legal education is patronized not by the Union Government but by the state Governments. From that point of view, national law universities differ in origin and experiment. Presently these sister universities have only mutual understanding and cooperation on non-formal basis.

National Law University, Jodhpur is a bold experiment in the sense that it is truly multidisciplinary. Legal education, unlike many other streams of professional education like technology, medicine, or finance is a multidisciplinary education. Legal professional skills can be used by any other knowledge system. As for example, in the present growing complex world a substantive legal education is very closely linked with knowledge in technology and science. As it is, legal profession is based on the premise of certain social values that are built up in hundreds of years of sociological practices and ethos. The enormity of literature of interaction between law and medicine shows how intricately knowledge of law and medicine can be intertwined. This university shall endeavor to make a holistic effort to develop legal professional skills in all trans-border knowledge contexts.

Keeping this objective of multidisciplinary total education in view and the growing needs of legal profession in the global context various undergraduate, postgraduate, continuing legal education for various groups of interests, training courses and research programs would be designed in this university.

The University shall develop 12 schools in the course of time. These are: School of Governance, School of Oriental & Occidental Jurisprudence, School of Languages, School of Social Sciences, School of Science & Forensic Science, School of International Legal Studies, School of Business Law, School of Management Studies, School of Criminal Justice, School of Judicial Administration, School of Law & Economics and School of Agricultural Law. Every school will have special centres of study and research attached to the school.

Netraheen Vikas Sansthan

This is one of the best managed Blind Benefit Institute of the country. Feeling the necessity of a platform for Blind children, Netraheen Vikas Sansthan was started in Jodhpur City from 15th Aug., 1977. The institute provides following activities / facilities for the benefit of Blind Children to enable them lead a normal life.

Residential School for the Blinds upto 12th Class
Hostel facility for Boys & Girls
Teaching through Brail
Provision of Library & Reading Room
Training by Trained Teachers in Music
Computrised Mini Brail Press
Special Arrangments for Cultural Activities
Facilities for Medical & Health Checkups
Scheme of Industrial Training for Self Emloyment
Arranging Tours Cultural & Historical Places

 

Rajasthan Oriental Research Institute

Rajasthan Oriental Research Institute is a well known Institution of Jodhpur & Rajasthan. The main objective is collection, preservation, elition and publication of handwritten menuscripts. It is working for last 50 years for achievement of its objectives. In Jodhpur Directorate ore than 26000 rare references are available. Various ambitious projects are underway for protection of Rajasthani Culture. A permanent Art Gallery has been planned to creat awareness among people regarding Collections / Activities of Rajasthan Oriental Research Institute.

 

 

 

 


AFRI
ARID FOREST RESEARCH INSTITUTE (AFRI)

ORGANISATION
Located in the heart of Thar desert at Jodhpur, Arid Forest Research Institute was created in the year 1988 to conduct forestry research primarily towards controlling desertification and improving land productivity of arid lands. The Institute, is to meet the forestry research needs of Rajasthan, Gujarat and Dadar Nagar Haveli.

OBJECTIVES

The primary objectives of the Institute is to conduct research on greening the arid and semi-arid araes of the country and within the region on eco-restoration of the sand dunes,Rann of Kanchcha and Aravalli hills,development of agri-silvi-pastoral packages for the arid tracts, and research on natural regeneration in the national forests.

RESEARCH

The institute has made significant strides in forestry research. Its achievements include, control of seedling mortality in Azadirachta indica nurseries,fertilizer response of ailanthus excelsa, a valuable species yielding fodder and adopted to the arid tract by application of phosphatic fertilizers, leading to remarkable improvement in its growth. Findings of rain-water harvesting and mulching with view to moisture management in strees sites are of immense value. Several studies pertaining to developing technology for desert afforestation with particular emphasis on evolving such as sand dunes, saline alkaline lands, and Rann of Kanchcha have been initated. Moisture is the single most important limiting factor in arid areas for the establishment of trees and their growth. Keeping this in view several studies relating to moisture conservation, and water balance have been taken up.
Research relating to introduction and evaluation triais of exotic species from matching bio-climatic zones have been initiated. The institute is participating in international provenance trials of babul and neem with a view to find out the most suitable provenance for the arid zone. Insect pest and diseases which cause on extensive damage too plants in the nursery and plantations are being investigated with respect to their intigrated management.

PERSPECTIVE IN RESEARCH

For further information, please contact:
Director
Arid Forest Research Institute (AFRI)
(Indian Council of Forestry Research & Education)
P.O. Krishi Upaz Mandi, Basni,
New Pali Road, JODHPUR - 342 005 (Rajasthan) INDIA
E-Mail : dir_afri@icfre.org
Phone No +91 0291 2722549, Fax +91 0291 2722764

www.afri.res.in

SRSAC

Sate Remote Sensing Application Centre Government of Rajasthan

In Rajasthan Remote Sensing activities started with the establishment of Aerial Photo Interpretation Laboratory (APIL) in 1979 as a part of centrally sponsored Desert Development Programme to assist Soil and Water Conservation Planning in the State under State Agriculture Department. Later on in 1985 looking to the multidisciplinary utility of remote sensing technology, the laboratory was transferred to Department of Science and Technology, Government of Rajasthan and renamed as State Remote Sensing Application Centre (SRSAC).


Objectives

Over last two decades the Centre has worked one number of user oriented application projects for planning various Natural Resources Management activities. It has achieved proficiency in the technology by collaborating Department of Space, World Bank, Central and State Government Departments, Sponsored projects and also popularized Remote by organizing trainings / courses / workshops / seminars on Remote sensing Techniques. Most of the data base is being put into use by line departments. Important among these are Watershed Atlas of Rajasthan, Water Harvesting Structure master plan, Hydrogeological mapping, Waste land mapping, Lift irrigation master plan, Ravines mapping, Urban land use maps and number of evaluation studies

UNIQUE ATTEMPTS (MAIDEN IN COUNTRY AT STATE LEVEL)

Publication of

Video films on